You need to understand the different production methods, their disadvantages and advantages as well as the type of products made by them.

One Off (Job Production
What it is
What it involves
Type of product
Advantages
Disadvantages
·A traditional method of production

·Only one unique item is made
·One operator or small team making all of a product

·Highly skilled, expert workers
·Theatre costumes

·Haute couture outfits

·Wedding dresses
·Complicated detailed products

·Versatile machinery used to cover any textile process

·A high quality, expensive product.
·Takes a long time to make the product

·Labour intensive, needs skilled workers

·Very expensive to produce


Batch Production
What it is
What it involves
Type of product
Advantages
Disadvantages
·The production of a specific number of a product

·Each batch (specific amount) can be repeated as many times as needed
·Several reasonably skilled workers or teams of workers

·Workers join together to make the whole product each worker doing a specific job.
·Fashion items that would be sold in High street shops such as Primark, Mothercare, M&S, New Look
·It is flexible and can be easily changed for new orders
·A variety of styles can be made quite quickly
·Flexible working conditions
·Staff can be trained
·Lower production costs
·Equipment needs to be restarted after a production run
·Time is lost making changes to the production run
·Stock needs to be stored.

Mass Production (Flow Production)


Repetitive Flow Production
What it is
What it involves
Type of product
Advantages
Disadvantages
·A large number of identical items are produced at a relatively low cost
·Production is broken down into sub assemblies of smaller components
·T shirts
·Socks
·Sheets
·Materials can be bought in bulk
·Costs are quite low
·Semi skilled and unskilled labour can be used
·Can be quite automated
·Expensive to set up initially
·Storage of raw materials and products
·Workers can become bored

Continuous Flow
What it is
What it involves
Type of product
Advantages
Disadvantages
·Production of an identical simple, textiles item 24 hours a day, 7 days a week without stopping.
·Uninteruppted production of an identical textiles product
·Often highly automated
·Thread
·Fabric
·Very low cost
·Small workforce needed
·Expensive to shut down and restart production if something goes wrong.
Only very simple products can be made.


Spinning mill ,Continuous Flow Production video






=**Other commercial manufacturing systems**

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