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Decorating Fabrics 2
Health and Safety
Printing onto Fabric
Printing onto Fabric
There are several ways of printing patterns onto fabric or garments. You could be asked about any of them in the exam or you could use it in a product analysis question.
Most widey used method of printing onto fabric.
Fine mesh stretched over a wooden frame. The dye is moved over the mesh with a
and forced through it onto the fabric to produce a pattern.
The pattern on the screen is blocked out with a paper stencil or chemicals.
A separate screen is needed for each colour in the pattern to be printed. Therefore a pattern with 10 colours would cost alot to produce as it would need 10 screens, one for each colour.
Videos of screen printing
Silk screen printing in school
Industrial T shirt silk screen printing
Screen printing fabri
Block made of wood has a design carved into the surface.
Dye is applied to the carved surface which is then presses onto the fabric.
This can then be repeated.
Separate blocks are needed for each colour in the attern.
Care is needed in aligning blocks
This process is like mechanised block printing.
Rollers, with the design engraved on them, apply the dye onto the fabric.
It is an extremely quick way of printing and 250m of fabric can be printed every minute. This makes it a cheap process.
There is a separate roller for each colour in the design.
Therefore designs with alot of colours are more expensive to produce as they need more engraved rollers.
Better for simpler designs.
> Roller printing
Heat Transfer Printing (Sublimation Printing)
The design is printed onto special paper, it is then transfered onto the fabric using heated rollers or plates.
Can only be used with manmade fibre fabrics.
Suitable for detailed, intricate designs.
Quite a quick process.
Cheap as only printed paper needs to be changed to change pattern.
Heat Transfer printing
help on how to format text
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