Applique

  • The cutting out of shapes from one fabric and then sewing it on to another background fabric. Applying/applique, fabric to fabric.
  • The cut out fabric is usually backed with bondaweb or interfacing (vilene) to stick it in place and strengthen it, prevent stretching and fraying.
  • A close machine zigzag stitch (satin stitch) is usually used to sew the shape to the background. You can use other stitches and hand embroidery to sew the fabric on depending on the effect you want to create.
  • Adds texture and interest to a product.
  • Strengthens and reinforces the fabric.
  • Can be padded to raise surface even more.applique.jpeg
Stage
Process
Preparation
Apply bondaweb/interfacing to fabric to be cut out.
Cut out shapes using a template
Applying
Pin, tack or iron into position on base fabric
Sewing
Sew around edge with satin stitch (zigzag)
Finishing
Take out pins / tacking thread
Cut off loose thread.
Press with iron

Video of how to do applique with a sewing machine.

Molar (Reverse Applique)

  • Several pieces of fabric are placed on top of each other in layers.
  • A design is sewn onto all the fabrics
  • Sections of the design are cut out to reveal fabric in the different layers.
  • Adds texture
  • Good for bold designs
reverse_applique.jpeg

Resist Techniques

Tie Dye

  • Traditional techniqtie_dye.jpegue
  • Fabric is folded and tied with string or elastic bands to stop dye getting to the fabric.
  • Used on Natural fabrics
  • Can add buttons or pebbles to create interesting effects.
Stage
Process
Preparation of fabric
Wash any finish out of cotton fabric so that dye can penetrate the fabric.
Fold or scrunch up fabric.
Tie with string/elastic bands
Preparation of Dye
Mix up dye with salt and fix.
Applying
Place in dye and leave for at least 1 hour
Finishing
Remove from dye.
Rinse out excess dye.
Dry
Take off string
Press with iron

Clip of how to tie dye a T shirt

Batik

  • Traditional technique using natural fabrics.
  • Resist dyeing where the wax stops the dye reaching the fabric.
  • Hot wax applied with a paint brush, Tjangting or stamp to create a design.batik.jpeg
  • Colour layered to produce the design.
  • Wax removed by ironing between newspaper or putting the fabric in boiling water.
Stage
Process
Preparation of fabric
Wash any finish out of cotton fabric so that dye can penetrate the fabric.
Preparation of Dye
Mix up dye with salt and fix.
Applying
Apply wax onto design where you want to keep the colour.
Apply dye to fabric by painting or dipping.
When dye is dry apply the next layer of wax onto next colour.
Repeat stages to build up pattern.
Special effects
Scrunch up fabric and crack the wax. Apply dye to the cracks.
Or
Scratch away wax and apply dye.
Finishing
Melt wax off the fabric by placing fabric between wallpaper and ironing.
Small scale batik
Commercial batik

Other decoration techniques

Fabric Printing

Home