• Small sections of fabric sewn together to form a design.
  • Often geometrical designs
  • Traditional method, often hand sewn.
  • Good way of recycling fabric.
  • Time consuming to do.


  • Texture created by sewing through layers of fabric and wadding often in geometrical patterns.
  • Soft, strong and protective.
  • Traditional technique often combined with patchwork.
  • A quilting foot on the sewing machine help you keep to the pattern.


Creating a design by sewing thread into the fabric.
Can be done in three main ways.

Hand Embroidery

  • Slow to do, time consuming.
  • Can be very detailed.
  • Uses a variety of thread
  • Uses a variety of stitches such as: Cross stitch, blanket stitch, chain stitch, french knot, straight stitch.
  • Stitch diagrams and instructions

Sewing machine Embroidery

  • Embroidery done on the sewing machine using the set decorative stitches
  • Stiches can be adjusted by changing the stitch width or length dials.
  • Quite quick to do.

Free machine Embroidery

  • Done on a normal sewing machine.
  • Dog teeth disengaged so that the fabric can be moved in any direction.
  • Enables you to draw with the machine.
  • Requires interfacing behind fabric to strengthen and support.

CAD/CAM Embroidery

  • Uses a special computerised machine
  • Designs can be built into the memory or designed using special software.
  • Advantages - Repeatable, good quality, quick to do.
  • Disadvantages - Expensive to buy machine, if it goes wrong you may wreak the whole product.


  • Sequins or beads sewn onto a fabric to add colour and texture.
  • Slow to do by hand.

Shisha Mirrorwork

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